Read e-book online A Social History of Modern Spain (A Social History of PDF

By Adrian Shubert

ISBN-10: 0203305744

ISBN-13: 9780203305744

ISBN-10: 0203421213

ISBN-13: 9780203421215

ISBN-10: 0415090830

ISBN-13: 9780415090834

Insightful and obtainable, A Social heritage of contemporary Spain is the 1st entire social background of contemporary Spain in any language. Adrian Shubert analyzes the social improvement of Spain given that 1800. He explores the social conflicts on the root of the Spanish Civil battle and the way that battle and the following alterations from democracy to Franco and again back have formed the social family of the rustic. Paying equivalent recognition to the agricultural and concrete worlds and respecting the nice neighborhood range inside of Spain, Shubert attracts a worldly photograph of a rustic being affected by the issues posed by means of political, fiscal, and social switch. He starts with an outline of the agricultural financial system and the connection of the folk to the land, then strikes directly to an research of the paintings and social lives of the city inhabitants. He then discusses the altering roles of the clergy, the army, and a few of the neighborhood executive, neighborhood, and cops. A Social historical past of contemporary Spain concludes with an research of the dramatic political, monetary, and social adjustments throughout the Franco regime and through the next go back to democracy.

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As with coal mining in Asturias, wartime profitability was totally artificial and the end of the war brought with it a widespread crisis. Inefficient producers which had sprung up to take advantage of the situation went to the wall in large numbers. In Catalonia 140 factories closed by April 1921. Nor had the benefits of the war years touched all sectors of the population. Even where nominal wages did increase they could not keep pace with the spiralling inflation. The growing impoverishment of the working classes, side by side with the ostentatious affluence of the wealthy, triggered both a newly intense labor militancy during the war and ongoing class conflict during the conversion back to a peacetime economy.

The numbers, especially for the employees, are very small, mirroring the small scale of the retail business: in 1920 there were only three employees for every employer. Between 1920 and 1930 the number of people involved in commerce increased by over 50 per cent to 55,000 and the number of women by 350 per cent to 4,200, due at least in part to the appearance of the first large department stores with their demand for young female clerks. 31 The professions did not provide many opportunities for women, Law was the least welcoming but the universities were little better.

They were given new names, were dressed and fed—poorly—by the madame, who kept their earnings, kept them in a kind of debt servitude and enforced a rigid discipline, including the use of physical force. 35 How did women come to prostitution? According to Rafael Eslava, head of the special hygiene section in Madrid, 31 per cent of the city’s prostitutes began their careers after having been seduced by their lovers and another 27 per cent had been domestic servants, many of whom were also likely to have been seduced.

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A Social History of Modern Spain (A Social History of Europe) by Adrian Shubert

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