Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-based Approach to Language by Alan Partington PDF

By Alan Partington

ISBN-10: 9027223629

ISBN-13: 9789027223623

Analogical Modeling (AM) is an exemplar-based common thought of description that makes use of either neighbours and non-neighbours (under sure well-defined stipulations of homogeneity) to foretell language behaviour. This booklet presents a easy creation to AM, compares the idea with nearest-neighbour ways, and discusses the latest advances within the concept, together with psycholinguistic facts, purposes to precise languages, the matter of categorization, and the way AM pertains to replacement methods of language description (such as example households, neural nets, connectionism, and optimality theory). The e-book closes with an intensive exam of the matter of the exponential explosion, an inherent hassle in AM (and in reality all theories of language description). Quantum computing (based on quantum mechanics with its inherent simultaneity and reversibility) presents an exact and average approach to the exponential explosion in AM. eventually, an intensive appendix presents 3 tutorials for operating the AM laptop application (available online).

Show description

Read or Download Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-based Approach to Language (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) PDF

Similar nonfiction_6 books

Download e-book for iPad: The City and the Stars (SF Masterworks 39) by Arthur C. Clarke

Males had outfitted towns prior to, yet by no means any such urban as Diaspar; for millennia its protecting dome shutout the creeping decay and threat of the realm outdoor. as soon as, it held powers that ideas the celebrities. yet then, as legend had it, The invaders got here, riding humanity into this final shelter. It takes one guy, a different to damage via Diaspar's stifling inertia, to damage the legend and observe the genuine nature of the Invaders.

Download e-book for kindle: Europe's Postwar Recovery (Studies in Macroeconomic by Barry Eichengreen (editor)

This ebook reassesses Western Europe's striking monetary restoration from international battle II and the concern of 1947. The members divulge the function of overseas associations and distinction the very assorted nationwide reviews. Their old research has coverage relevance--to the controversy over the Maastricht Treaty and the one marketplace Programme, to the problems of adjustment in previously centrally deliberate economies, and to reform of the Bretton Woods associations.

Download e-book for iPad: Citizens of the sea : wonderous creatures from the census of by Nancy Knowlton

Поразительное разнообразие жизни океана на страницах этого насыщенного иллюстрированного издания просто завораживает. The spectacular variety of ocean lifestyles will wow you during this riveting e-book by means of marine scientist Nancy Knowlton. voters of the ocean finds the main fascinating organisms within the ocean, captured in motion via expert underwater photographers from nationwide Geographic and the Census of Marine lifestyles.

Extra resources for Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-based Approach to Language (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)

Example text

For instance, if we specify say a third syllable, we could represent the non-occurrence of that syllable by specifying the vowel as a zero. Surrounding consonants that could occur if the vowel existed would also be zeros, but redundantly. Typically, in analogical modeling, such redundant zeros have been represented by equal signs. In running the computer program, one can choose to ignore such redundant zeros, and in fact nearly all applications of analogical modeling thus far have followed this choice.

Yet speakers prefer sorti, not sorsi. In the original dataset of Finnish verbs, there are 24 verbs that have the o vowel. In Analogical Modeling of Language, Skousen (1989: 114–124) correctly predicted the regularity of the past tense for all 24 of these verbs as well as for two infrequent verbs with the o vowel – namely, sorta- ‘to oppress’ and jouta- ‘to have time’. By examining the analogical sets for these 26 verbs, we can determine what fraction of the verbs in each analogical set is made up of o verbs: 1.

He contrasts analogical modeling with both traditional rule approaches and connectionism (parallel distributed processing). In a variety of test cases, he finds analogical modeling more successful and less arbitrary than parallel distributed processing. There have also been a number of applications to several non-English language problems in, for instance, the work of Eddington (Spanish stress assignment) and Douglas Wulf (German plural formation). Eddington’s work on Spanish (Eddington 2000b) has shown that analogical modeling can correctly predict stress placement for about 95% of the words, but in addition can regularly predict the stress for nonce words from experiments and for errors that children make.

Download PDF sample

Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-based Approach to Language (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) by Alan Partington


by Donald
4.0

Rated 4.02 of 5 – based on 15 votes